Bruce A and B Nuclear Generating Stations

The timeline displays activity dates for the Bruce Power licence renewal.
Bruce Power License Renewal - Text Version
  • First point: June 2017 Bruce Power submits licence renewal application
  • Second point: July 2017 Application review by the CNSC
  • Third point: September 1, 2017 Notice of public hearing and participant funding program
  • Fourth point: September 12, 2017 October 5, 2017 November 2, 2017 Bruce Power open houses
  • Fifth point: November 6, 2017 Deadline to apply for the participant funding program
  • Sixth point: February 7, 2018 in Kincardine, Ontario and February 26, 29018 in Saugeen Shores, Ontario CNSC to present at council meetings
  • Seventh point: February 2018 CNSC staff Commission member document and presentation available for public review
  • Eighth point: March 14, 2018 in Ottawa, Ontario, licence renewal hearing, part 1
  • Red marker - now
  • Ninth point: April 16, 2018 deadline for public intervention
  • Tenth point: May 30-31, 2018 in Kincardine, Ontario licence renewal hearing part 2
  • Eleventh point: To be confirmed – decision announcement

Notice of public hearing and participant funding

The CNSC will hold a two-part public hearing to consider an application from Bruce Power to renew its nuclear power reactor operating licence for the Bruce Nuclear Generating Stations (NGS) A and B for a period of 10 years. With this application, Bruce Power has requested authorization to update the Bruce NGS licensing basis in 2018 to include life extension projects and future major component replacement work, which are outlined in the Integrated Implementation Plan.

Members of the public, Indigenous groups and other stakeholders who have an interest or expertise in this matter or information that may be useful to the Commission in coming to a decision are invited to comment on Bruce Power’s application. Through its Participant Funding Program, the CNSC is offering a total of $100,000 in funding to assist in reviewing Bruce Power’s application and associated documents and providing topic-specific interventions to the Commission.

Important dates:

  • November 6, 2017: Deadline for submitting a participant funding application
  • February 12, 2018: Bruce Power’s submission and CNSC staff’s recommendations are available upon request to the Secretariat
  • March 14, 2018: Part 1 of the public hearing in Ottawa – watch the webcast
  • April 16, 2018: Deadline for filing a request to intervene
  • May 30–31, 2018: Part 2 of the public hearing at:
    Towne Place Suites Marriott,
    Highland Conference Room
    19 Millenium Way, Kincardine, ON – watch the webcast

Bruce Power is licensed to operate the Bruce A and Bruce B Nuclear Generating Stations, located in the municipality of Kincardine on the eastern shore of Lake Huron, Ontario. The CNSC has full-time staff at the stations who perform inspections to evaluate operations and to verify compliance with regulatory requirements and licence conditions.

Plant information

Bruce A Nuclear Generating Station
Bruce B Nuclear Generating Station

Location: Kincardine, Ontario
Operator: Bruce Power
Reactor Type: CANDU (CANada Deuterium Uranium)
Vendor: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited
Number of units: 8 reactors
Installed capacity: 6,232 MW (Bruce A & B combined)
Status: All units operating
Licenses issued: June 1, 2015
Licenses expire: May 31, 2020
Start of commercial operation: Between 1977-1979 for Bruce A and 1984-1987 for Bruce B
Refurbished units: Bruce A units 1 and 2
Special containment feature: Common vacuum building maintained at negative atmospheric pressure
Licensing Documentation: Request a copy of the Bruce A and Bruce B licences and licence condition handbooks by email

Periodic safety review

A periodic safety review (PSR) is an international best practice that was adopted by the CNSC in 2015. In addition to the overall safety performance review of licensees, which incorporates reviews of several safety factors, a PSR requires a comprehensive review of plant design and processes. The purpose is to compare current design with modern codes and standards to identify reasonable and practical plant or program modifications to enhance safety and enable safe, long-term operation.

As part of licensing conditions set out by the CNSC, PSRs are conducted every 10 years at all Canadian nuclear power plants.

CNSC regulatory document REGDOC-2.3.3, Periodic Safety Reviews, requires the PSR to be conducted in four phases. Each phase is thoroughly reviewed by CNSC staff prior to accepting the document and proceeding to the next phase:

  • PSR basis document, an agreement between Bruce Power and the CNSC on how the PSR will be achieved. (Bruce A and Bruce B)
  • Conduct of the safety factors reviews and identification of findings (Bruce A and Bruce B)
  • Analysis of the findings and their integral impact on the NPP's safety (global assessment report or GAR)
  • Preparation of a safety improvements plan (integrated implementation plan)

All PSR documents are available through Bruce Power's website.

To request the following CNSC acceptance letters pertaining to PSR, please contact cnsc.info.ccsn@canada.ca.

Date Formal correspondence
January 23, 2015 Acceptance of Bruce A integrated safety review (ISR) basis document
April 8, 2016 Acceptance of Bruce B periodic safety review basis document
May 2, 2016 CNSC review of Bruce A integrated safety review – safety factor reports
February 7, 2017 Bruce A and B periodic safety review project – Bruce B safety factor reports
May 12, 2017 Bruce A and B periodic safety review project – Bruce A and B global assessment report and integrated implementation plan
September 13, 2017 Acceptance of the global assessment report and integrated implementation plan

Environmental risk assessment

An environmental risk assessment (ERA) is a systematic process used to identify, quantify and characterize the risk posed by contaminants and physical stressors in the environment to biological receptors, including humans.

The ERA for Bruce Power assessed the potential risks for the current whole-site operation, both Bruce A and Bruce B generating stations and additional facilities, to determine the potential risks to the environment and human health from current operations. Bruce Power's ERA also included a predictive environment risk assessment for continued operations including major component replacement.

Bruce Power's ERA is available on Bruce Power's website.

To view the following CNSC review letters pertaining to the ERA, please contact cnsc.info.ccsn@canada.ca.

Date Formal correspondence
September 29, 2017 Application for the renewal of the power reactor operating licence: technical sufficiency review
November 14, 2017 Bruce NGS A and B: Bruce Power environmental risk assessment
January 8, 2018 Bruce NGS A and B: Bruce Power environmental risk assessment
April 3, 2018 Requirements for Additional Assessment and/or Future Environmental Monitoring

Bruce A refurbishment and continued operations follow-up monitoring program

Although the formal environmental assessment (EA) process related to the life extension project of Bruce Power's units 1–4 concluded in July 2006, a follow-up monitoring program was established to verify the predictions that were made in the EA. Bruce Power provided annual updates to the CNSC on the status of the project until the conclusion of the follow-up monitoring program in 2015. CNSC staff reviewed the reports and concluded that most of the predictions made in the EA that were part of the EA follow-up monitoring program have been verified in that there have been no significant adverse environmental effects as a result of the refurbishment projects. The results were inconclusive for two elements: substrate temperatures of the thermal plume and impacts to fish and the population level impacts on Deepwater Sculpin from cooling water intake. Additional work on these elements will be addressed within the ERA and follow-up monitoring program.

Bruce Power's annual updates are available on Bruce Power's website.

To request the following CNSC review letters pertaining to the environmental assessment follow-up monitoring program, please contact cnsc.info.ccsn@canada.ca.

Date Formal correspondence
March 8, 2010 Bruce A refurbishment: annual follow-up monitoring program report &nash; 2007
January 14, 2011 Action Item 110709: Bruce A refurbishment – Annual follow-up monitoring program report – 2008
October 31, 2011 Action Item 1107-2750: Bruce A refurbishment annual follow-up monitoring program report – 2009
August 7, 2012 Bruce A refurbishment annual follow-up monitoring program report – 2010
July 31, 2013 Action Item 1307-4232: Bruce A refurbishment annual follow-up monitoring program report – 2011
July 29, 2014 Action Item 1407-4709: Bruce A refurbishment annual follow-up monitoring program report – 2012
March 11, 2015 Bruce A refurbishment annual follow-up monitoring program report – 2013
April 11, 2016 Bruce A refurbishment annual follow-up monitoring program report – 2014
November 3, 2016 Bruce A refurbishment environmental assessment follow-up monitoring program – thermal elements
June 19, 2017 Bruce A environmental assessment follow-up monitoring report – 2015
November 1, 2017 Bruce A environmental assessment follow-up monitoring report –< 2015

Fisheries Act authorization

CNSC staff continuously review impacts to the environment, including impacts to fish and fish habitat, under the Nuclear Safety and Control Act. The CNSC ensures its reviews take into consideration the requirements of the revised Fisheries Act, as per a memorandum of understanding with Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Based on Bruce Power's 2013 and 2014 fish impingement and entrainment monitoring results, CNSC staff submitted its review of the effects due to impingement and entrainment at the Bruce Power facility to Fisheries and Oceans Canada, which determined Bruce Power requires an authorization under section 35 of the Fisheries Act for the death of fish due to impingement and entrainment at the cooling water intake.

Bruce Power Fisheries Act authorization timeline

Completion date Milestone Lead
March 10, 2014 CNSC determines operations requires authorization from Fisheries and Oceans Canada CNSC
March 18, 2014 Fisheries and Oceans Canada notifies Bruce Power of the requirement for authorization in order to comply with the Fisheries Act Fisheries and Oceans Canada
September 2014 CNSC distributes notification letter, including the process, to interested Aboriginal groups pertaining to the application for authorization from Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the review process CNSC
September 30, 2016 Bruce Power submits proposed draft Fisheries Act application Bruce Power
October 31, 2016 CNSC concordance review of proposed application CNSC
May 11, 2017 Bruce Power submits revised application Bruce Power
June 29, 2017 CNSC concordance review of revised application sent to Bruce Power CNSC
October 20, 2017 Bruce Power submits responses to outstanding information requests from the CNSC concordance review of Bruce Power's May 2017 application Bruce Power
November 14, 2017 CNSC submits concordance review of Bruce Power responses to outstanding information requests CNSC
Next steps

Anticipated date:
June 2018

Bruce Power to submit application to Fisheries and Oceans Canada following confirmation from the CNSC that the application is complete Bruce Power

Latest CNSC facility-specific announcements

Latest licensee public disclosures

As part of CNSC's regulatory requirements, major licensees must have robust public information and disclosure programs in place. These programs, for nuclear power plants, include a disclosure protocol developed in consultation with community stakeholders. You may visit Bruce Power's Web site for all updates triggered by the protocol's disclosure criteria.

Regulatory reporting and documents

CNSC inspectors inside the Bruce Nuclear Generation Station

Key topics

Adjacent nuclear facilities and projects

Ontario Power Generation Deep Geologic Repository

The site preparation, construction and operation of a Deep Geologic Repository (DGR) is proposed for the disposal of low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes on the Bruce Site in Tiverton. The DGR will also hold waste produced from the continued operation of the Bruce, Pickering and Darlington nuclear generating stations.

Find out more about the status of this project.

Western Waste Management Facility

The Western Waste Management Facility is owned and operated by Ontario Power Generation (OPG) and stores low level radioactive wastes from the Bruce A and B reactors as well as from the Pickering and Darlington nuclear generating stations. The Western Waste Management Facility also houses used fuel from Bruce A and B along with refurbishment waste from Bruce A.

Douglas Point Waste Management Facility

The Douglas Point Waste Management Facility (DPWMF) is located at the site of the former Douglas Point Nuclear Generating Station (DPNGS) situated on the Bruce nuclear site. Decommissioning of this prototype reactor began in 1986, and the transfer of spent fuel from wet storage in the reactor pool to a dedicated dry storage facility was completed by 1987. The DPWMF is presently in the storage-with-surveillance phase of a deferred decommissioning program and is closed to the receipt of new wastes.

Bruce Heavy Water Plant

The Bruce Heavy Water Plant (BHWP) was a Class 1B nuclear facility contained within the boundaries of the Bruce nuclear site located in Tiverton, Ontario. It began producing heavy water in 1973 and continued until the last production facilities were shut down in 1998. The demolition of the BHWP was completed in 2006. All contaminated soil has been remediated, and the project is in the end-state of environmental monitoring.

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